The Pug is a small, stocky, square, thickset dog. The round head is massive with a short, blunt, square shaped muzzle. Moles on the cheeks are considered beauty spots. The teeth meet in a slight undershot bite. The very large, prominent eyes are dark. The small, thin ears are either rose or button shaped. The face has large, deep wrinkles.
Height: Dogs 12-14 inches . Bitches 10-12 inches.
Weight: Dogs 13-20 pounds . Bitches 13-18 pounds.
Life span: About 12 to 15 years.
Pugs are people-oriented dogs, right down to the fact that they go through stages of maturity. Puppies are especially playful and always underfoot for want of company. If you have another dog, a pug puppy will often seek out their company for play and adventure. The puppy stage often lasts until the pug is about 2 years old, so be prepared with plenty of patience! Older dogs seem to "settle" into a daily routine, and can be almost invisible until you want them. Pugs want nothing more than to please their owners.
If one were to purchase a social dog, the pug could easily be the right one to choose. The pug is one of the most social dogs alive, as its main purpose in life is to please its owner and usually the people around him/her. Granted, a pug may sleep a lot, but when awake the pug will exhibit plenty of playfulness and enough charm to make most people look past that wrinkled face.
Pugs are strong dogs with short straight legs. They need to be taken on daily walks. While out on the walk the dog must be made to heel beside or behind the person holding the lead, as instinct tells a dog the leader leads the way, and that leader needs to be the human.
As watch dogs:
Pugs make good little watchdogs. They have a deep loud bark which sounds like it should belong to a much larger dog. You'll find your Pug will sound his/her warning bark at any disturbance around your home. Pugs are not mad or nuisance barkers.
The smooth, short-haired coat is easy to groom. Brush and comb with a firm bristle brush and shampoo only when necessary. Dry thoroughly after a bath so the dog does not get chilled. The creases on the face must be cleaned regularly. This breed is a seasonally heavy shedder.
Pugs catch colds easily and are stressed by hot and cold weather. They are prone to allergies and the short muzzle contributes to chronic breathing problems, tending to wheeze and snore.
In domestic dogs, sexual maturity (puberty) begins to happen around age 6 to 12 months for both males and females, although this can be delayed until up to two years old for some large breeds.