The Collie is a large, lean, strong dog. The top of the skull is flat and the eyebrows are arched. The head is wedge shaped and the muzzle is rounded tapering to the black nose, with a slight stop. The face is chiseled. The teeth should meet in a scissors bite. The medium sized eyes are almond shaped. Eye color is dark brown accept for blue merles, where the eyes may be blue or have one of each color. The body is slightly longer than it is tall. The legs are straight. The tail is moderately long with an upward twist or swirl at the end and is carried low. There are two coat varieties, the rough and smooth. The rough coat is long and abundant all over the body but is shorter on the head and legs an the coat forms a mane around the neck and chest. The outer coat is straight and harsh to the touch, and the undercoat is soft and tight. The smooth coat variety has a short one inch coat all over the body. Coat colors on both the rough and smooth variety include sable and white, tri color of black, white and tan, blue merle or predominantly white with sable, tri-color or blue merle markings.
Height: Dogs 24-26 inches . Bitches 22-24 inches .
Weight:Dogs 60-75 pounds. Bitches 50-65 pounds.
14 to 16 years
The collie dog has a very wonderful calm, even temperament. Original collies were used to herd sheep, and they were highly trusted to gather the flock and bring them in without causing any harm to the animals. Throughout the years, the ones that exhibited the best herding traits were kept and bred, resulting in the unique temperament of today's collie.
When bred correctly by knowledgeable breeders, their self-assured, gentle, obedient personality will always shine though. Their bred in instincts of wanting to obey their shepherd masters have made the collie of today prized as one of the most easiest to train breeds in the dog world. Because of this gentle, obedient nature, collies also make excellent family pets. However even though they can be used as watch dogs, they rarely make good guard dogs simply because the attack gene has been bred out of the majority of the breed.
The Collie will dog okay in an apartment as long as they are sufficiently exercised. They are relatively inactive indoors and do best with at least an average sized yard. Sensitive to the heat. Provide plenty of shade and fresh water in warm weather.
Collies need regular exercises and activities to keep them busy. Collies can be car chasers so exercise them in safe areas. Most Collies can jump over a five foot fence so additional measures will have to be taken to keep them safe.
The Rough-coated Collie needs a lot of brushing with a pin brush that reaches the undercoat. This should be done thoroughly at least once per week and more often when they are shedding. The Smooth-coated Collie needs only moderate grooming and is a much lighter shedder.
There are a few issues associated with the Collie. They can suffer from eye problems or PRA.